The insurgency in the North East has created several problems for the population that live in the six states of north east Nigeria and beyond. With the current progress being made in terms of liberating previously occupied communities, many more of the displaced people of the region are slowly returning back to their homes and communities.
In Borno state, the state that was hardest hit by the insurgency, the return to previously occupied territories is being fast tracked so that the displaced can reclaim their lives.
Here is Kalum Modu's story.
''In the community where I lived before the Boko
Haram insurgence, we lived happily. I was selling pepper and fish. I had a
massive fish pond, a maize and rice farm, and everything (livelihood) was going
well. Suddenly, Boko Haram came and drove us all away. We were driven out and
left with the clothes we had on. My brother and his children were killed, my
father and some of my sibling were also killed. I trekked to Niger before we
were rescued and brought back to the IDP camp. We are praying that God will let
us return home safely and soon'' - Kalum Modu.
Kalum Modu lives in the Mongolis IDP camp in Maiduguri and she is grateful to UNHCR for providing the start-up grant for her to start a small business. The mother of five and member of Happy Small Business Group received N15,000 (from a N150,000 non-refundable seed capital given to her group of 10 women) from UNHCR livelihood programme as a take-off grant to start a small business. She used her grant to start the production and selling of local perfume.
She makes an average profit of N40,000 per month and since she is the bread-winner of her family; provides for the family needs and take care of her husband who is also a member of the of Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF).